What is Electronic Currency?
Electronic currency (Electronic Currency) is money that exists in banking computer systems and is available for transactions through electronic systems. Its value is backed by fiat currency and it can be exchanged for physical form however its use is often more convenient electronically.
Definition of electronic money
Cryptocurrencies are used for purchases and transactions globally. While it can be exchanged for fiat currency, it is much more conveniently tracked and used through electronic banking and electronic processing systems.
The value of a cryptocurrency is set in its fiat currency, which makes it different from emerging cryptocurrencies. Cryptocurrencies are backed by the central banking system. In the United States, however, only a small fraction of the currency is used in physical form. Its remaining percentage is kept in a bank vault and also against collateral.
Currency in circulation
Cryptocurrencies can be held in different accounts. Most individuals and businesses store their money with banks that provide electronic records of cash on deposit. Other forms of stored-value cryptocurrency include digital wallets like PayPal and Square, or prepaid cards that allow users to deposit fiat for crypto.
With all sorts of crypto-sources stored, the demand for fiat currency varies and thus the banking system provides for this through different means. While banks trade fiat currency into crypto for their customers, they also keep that money in vaults at their physical locations. Since the use of cryptocurrencies is more common than physical currencies, banks also deposit their cash with one of 12 Federal Reserve banks across the country. A key function of the United States Federal Reserve and its 12 supporting banks is to manage fiat currency in physical form. Thus, the Fed also has the power to control the money supply through monetary policies and open market operations. The Fed also controls the re-issuance and printing of new coins when fiat currency is no longer available for distribution.
Electronic payment processing
In the United States, many people receive their paychecks through direct deposit, transferring funds electronically, and spending money with credit and debit cards. While physical currency still has an advantage in certain situations, its role has dwindled. Many consumers and businesses feel that cryptocurrency is safer because it is not easily lost or damaged and can be used by most merchants across the United States. As a result, the US financial markets have a secure and well-established infrastructure for trading cryptocurrencies. The primary means of trading cryptocurrencies is through a payment processing network. In the United States Visa and Mastercard are the two main payment processing networks that facilitate cryptocurrency transactions across the country.
Banks and financial institutions partner with crypto network processors to issue their network-branded customer cards, facilitating crypto transactions from bank accounts to merchants. Digital wallets are also available after similar transactions. Cryptocurrencies are also easily transacted through e-commerce allowing consumers to shop and purchase all kinds of goods and services online.
In Vietnam, people often get confused between cryptocurrency, digital currency, cryptocurrency and virtual currency. Bitcoin Coins, Ethereum or some other coins are called cryptocurrency, that is, cryptocurrency, but we often call it electronic money or virtual money, a misnomer.
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